In a new study, a group of researchers from the University of Adelaide, Melbourne and the University.
They have been able to demonstrate for the first time the precise geometry of an electron pair, which can be used to determine its atomic structure and to predict its electrical properties.
The researchers were led by Professor Christopher A. Pert, who was awarded the 2017 Australian of the Year award.
“We have a new way of working to predict the exact geometry of the electron pair and also how it is affected by its surroundings,” he said.
“This means we are now able to understand how these particles interact with each other.”
The new study was published in the journal Nature Physics.
Professor Pert and his team used a technique called a “baryonic electron” to study how electrons interact with an electron’s surroundings.
“When you think of an atom, its atoms are all the same size, so they have all the the same electron density,” he explained.
“But, as we think about how these atoms interact, we know they have a different configuration.”
So, for example, we can think of two electrons interacting with one another, and we know that there is a difference in the electric field, because they have different charge levels.
“It turns out we can make these differences so precise, that we can measure these differences between the electrons, which is called ‘baryon symmetry’.”
The electron pairs studied in the new study are called “pink” and “red”.
“When we say we have a red electron, we mean that we have two electrons with a different electric field and different charge level,” Professor Pert said.
This is because the red electron has the same orbital configuration as the green electron.
The difference in charge levels allows the two electrons to interact with one other, which in turn leads to a change in the electrical potential of the electrons.
“If we know how the charge levels of these electrons affect the electric potential, then we can figure out how they interact,” Professor Prout said.
The new method of measuring electric potential also provides the ability to predict how they will interact in a variety of scenarios, including in quantum computing.
Professor Prout has been working on this research for many years.
“I started with a few ideas, and now I have been working to build on that,” he added.
“What we’ve found is that we are able to predict a range of possible electron interactions, even the ones we haven’t seen yet, in the presence of these two electrons.
So we can predict the electron pairs in the lab, and how they behave under different conditions, so we can build quantum computers.”
Professor PrOUT’s research focuses on understanding the nature of quantum physics.
He said the new method could have applications for quantum computing, where quantum information could be encoded on a single chip.
“For example, if we have quantum information in the form of binary codes, then you can encode it into these two pairs of electrons and you can predict what the electron will do,” he remarked.
“In the lab we can also measure these pairs, which could then be used in quantum computers.”
The next step is to build these quantum computers and use these information to build a quantum computer that will have a 100 per cent probability of solving a problem.
“Professor PERT said his group had made major contributions to this field of research.”
Our work has helped us to understand the structure of the atoms of electrons, and the way they interact with the environment,” he concluded.
Topics:electrons-and-physics,science-and.technology,science,science/technology,research,artificial-intelligence,physics-and/or-photonics,science2.54873,sydney-2000,australia,canberra-2600More stories from Western Australia