A rare ion, dubbed a “electron of the universe”, has been detected orbiting the sun and its companion.
It was detected by the NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) as part of the Cassini spacecraft’s second mission to Saturn, and has now been confirmed by the European Space Agency’s ExoMars rover.
The discovery of the ion is part of a larger collection of solar neutrinos that have been discovered in the Cassino-Tuttle orbiter.
Cassini’s first mission to the outer solar system, the Cassinos Voyagers, reached Saturn in 2007 and found more than 3,000 such neutrino particles.
The latest discovery of an ion was made by the spacecraft’s Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS), which was launched in 2015 and has since detected more than 12,000 particles from more than 1,600 orbits.
It is also the first time an electron has been identified in the data, which is a significant advance for a system that has long been thought to be lacking an electron.
The ions were discovered as Cassini was approaching Saturn, a distance of about 14,000 kilometres (8,000 miles), in April.
The orbiter is known for its sensitive instrumentation of the planet’s magnetic field and for studying the atmospheres of planets like Saturn.
Scientists are also investigating whether the presence of an electron could be due to the presence or absence of the comet called Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
This comet is currently in a transit of Saturn.
The presence of a neutron, which has been known to exist in comet nuclei, could give the spacecraft information about the comet’s surface.
However, if the nucleus were to be located in the right place, there is no evidence that the nucleus has a neutron.
Scientists have long thought that the comet was created by the collision of two comets with the moon in the early universe.
They believe the nucleus could have been formed by the debris of the collision.
However the discovery of this ion is significant, as it provides a new target for studying what happened to the comet.
The ion was detected using the spacecraft Optical Thermal Detector (OTD), a device that uses radio waves to measure the temperature of the solar atmosphere.
This can provide information about how much heat the atmosphere has been receiving.
The OTD is currently being used on the Cassins Voyagers.
Cassinos Voyages are a series of spacecraft that Cassini has been on since 2008, and which were launched from Earth on September 30, 2020.
The spacecraft has spent more than a year travelling from the moon to Saturn.